Technology, United States

Are Smartphones Smart?

Be honest with yourself. Do you actually think you could go a whole day without using your smartphone? In our World, it is vital to have a smartphone and some even make the case that people are over infatuated with them. It is an essential lifeline for most any person wishing to reach out to the world in any way. This was not always the case. In fact, most of the older people still alive remember a time where telephones were not in our world. The evolution of Smartphones has given our world the essential tools of easy and quick resources to any information, and communication.

The history of smartphones in America is a long and complicated history. Before the invention of electromagnetic telephones, mechanical sound tools existed for moving speech over a distance greater than that of normal direct speech. The acoustic tin can telephone has been known for centuries. Many of us used a string and two cans to communicate when we were young. Among the earliest known experiments were those by the British physicist and polymath Robert Hooke from the early 1660;s to 1685. The famous string phone made in 1667 is attributed to him. Credit for the invention of the electric telephone is often disputed. Charles Bourseul, Innocenzo Manzetti, Antonio Meucci, Johann Philipp Reis, Alexander Graham Bell, and Elisha Gray, and others have all been credited with the great invention. The Bell and Edison, however, were given the credit, because they dominated telephone technology and were upheld by court decisions in the United States. This is why in elementary school we are taught the Alexander Graham Bell invented the basis for modern day life. Through the 1970-1990’s many advances were made in the telephone from the carbon microphone to the smaller device called the candlestick to the manual switchboard exchanges. The device progressively got smaller until the 1930s when the base of the telephone was changed and now enclosed its bell and induction coil, obviating a separate ringer box. Power was supplied to each subscriber line by central office batteries instead of the user’s local battery.

For the next half century, the system behind the telephone grew progressively larger and much more efficient. In the 1960’s cellular technology was created and on 3 April 1973 Motorola manager,Martin Cooper placed a cellular phone call to Dr. Joel S. Engel, leader of research at AT&T’s Bell Labs. The first handheld mobile phone went on sale in 1984. It was produced by Motorola and called the DynaTAC 8000X.This began the era of the handheld cellular mobile phone. It is hard to believe there was once a time where you had to stay in one remote place to make a phone call from  large box.

Throughout this time computers were being innovated and finally in merged with the telephone to make smart phones. The release of the first marketed smart phone was in 2000 by a company called Symbian. The iPhone is the first smartphone model designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the first generation of iPhone that was released on January 9, 2007. Since then, companies like Apple, Samsung  and Google have made impressive stride towards making their products irresistible to society. Smartphone improvements are still being made to this day and new innovating things are being created and added to everyone’s smart phone around the world.

After only about a decade, smartphone technology is so successful that most people in America can’t even go a day without them. Besides the obvious communication these devices offer they also can navigate and provide directions through GPS, take pictures, play music and keep track of appointments and contacts. Through the installation of apps, many use their phone as not only a tool, but also a social, game getaway from the real world.

A huge advantage in having a smartphone is the tool of communication it offers. According to Pew Research Center 46% of smartphone owners say their smartphone is something “they couldn’t live without” by  Monica Anderson. As well as the communication phones offer, they also bring in Apps that most Americans take advantage of greatly. Tons of games and productivity apps available, health and fitness apps. Internet radio and podcasting apps put you in touch with whole new worlds of audio. Smartphones allow you to always stay connected with the outside world and news. A 2015 study reported that “the average U.S. smartphone user sends and receives 32 texts and makes and receives six phone calls a day. These actions take 26 minutes and 21 minutes, respectively”(Anderson).

Everyone knows that the number one way to get in trouble in Mr. Hodgins class is to have your phone out. Like a hawk, he will immediately swept by your desk and capture your phone. Most middle and high schools across the nation claim that having your smartphone visible and accessible during class is a distraction. What most teachers do not realize is the immense tools and resources embedded within our smartphones can actually promote education. With the entire world wide web at the touch of your fingers it makes as a very good resource to facts and history that can help students learn quicker. So next time Mr Hodgins tries to take your phone, bring up the point that smartphones are a great source for information.

Overall, smartphones positively change and continue to change our world for the better. Smartphones offer unlimited information at anytime,connection, navigation, memories through photos, apps, and much more!

Article by Hannah Dardano & Video by Joel Hamersley

 

Work Cited

Anderson, Monica. “6 Facts about Americans and Their Smartphones.” Pew Research Center, 1 Apr. 2015, www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/04/01/6-facts-about-americans-and-their-smartphones/.

Fendelman, Adam. “How Are Smartphones Different From Cell Phones?” Lifewire, www.lifewire.com/cell-phones-vs-smartphones-577507.

Jung, Brian. “What Are the Benefits of Smartphone Technology?” Small Buisness, Chron.com, 26 Oct. 2016, smallbusiness.chron.com/benefits-smartphone-technology-57037.html.

Zipkin, Nina. “20 Odd Facts About the Smartphones in Our Pockets.” Entrepreneur, 2 Jan. 2018, www.entrepreneur.com/slideshow/306722#20.

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