Picture a massive alliance between 28 countries of both North America and Europe. Here, each member is committed to collective defense. If one of these members were threatened or attacked, the rest of these members would counteract upon the threatening party. This organization is called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO. NATO is a pivotal factor to preventing war with other countries, and providing a sense of security. It was created in order to prevent any Soviet control and the spread of communism. Consequently, the USSR created its own version of collective security called the Warsaw Pact. It is vital that the U.S. continue to use and be apart of NATO in order to preserve our nation’s security and maintain a protected democracy.
At the end of World War II, Europe was in drastic debt, in need of supplies, and had a powerless military from the immense loss of the war to the United States. While western Europe was severely damaged by the results of WW2, France and Italy were trying to form communist parties. The Soviet Union upraised with power and began to govern all of eastern Europe. Subsequently, communists put an end to all non-communist political actions. Amongst the years, the relations between Soviets and its allies went down hill. In response, the United States formulated the Marshall plan, which helped central Europe financially. Eventually when Europe was stable, countries like Britain, Canada the United States made an agreement to secure western Europe from spreading any communism and support democracy. In 1949, the agreement to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed.
During the Cold War, NATO served to enhance and increase western Europe’s military. The Soviet Union was luering in surrounding countries in order to protect the nations from any possible invasions. By doing so, the Soviet Union would confine other country civilians to be apart of the Soviet Union military. Since the Soviets army was uprising, NATO emerged to stop the innumerable amount of Soviet control and communist expansion from getting any larger. Numerous countries were apart of the organization such as Great Britain, Italy, United States, Canada, Belgium and many more. NATO’s most critical goal of the Cold War was to resist any devastation and demolition of the alliance. With Germany’s prior atrocious impact and consequences of the World War’s, the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe countries were panicked when Germany joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Also, prior to Germany’s accompany, the Soviet Union had warned the United States to not take part in such an outrageous plan, but because the U.S. carried on, the Soviets made their own security arrangements. The Warsaw Pact of 1955 was promptly made shortly after Germany’s actions by the Soviets. Nato and the Warsaw Pact both have the same intentions of stabilizing our nations to provide a sense of peace, and creating a resistance amongst other nations to advert attacks.
It is clear that NATO was successful in its Cold War mission to prevent the further spread of communism. Some say that, because of this success, the organization is no longer needed or useful. President Donald Trump even referred to it as “obsolete”. However, since the U.S. is involved with NATO, they are provided the collective security, and the convenience of standing with an organization with strong, flexible core military capabilities. Recent of 2016, Russian bombers and submarines had been making approaches too close to NATO territory when they started a shooting war in Ukraine. As soon as NATO members took Russia’s actions as a significant potential threat, they immediately took action. They had a strong disapproval of Russia’s 2015 air marauds over Turkey, and therefore pledged to assist Turkey in protecting its airspace. Terrorism is an issue that is becoming more common around the globe. Significantly, NATO’s new mission has been combatting against terrorism. It actually has Counter-Terrorism Policy Guidelines that that focus alliance efforts on three main areas: awareness, capabilities, and engagement. Today, NATO is still working hard to prevent more terrorist attacks. Russia has become a part of the illegal annexation of Crimea, downfall of Ukraine and the military buildup by NATO’s borders. With that, the United States continues to receive weapons of mass destruction, threats to environment and energy challenges. NATO has continued to work with other nations to prevent these attacks and threats.
The United States’ commitment may be at a critical point, but the importance of this organization can be maintained if more of its American members expressed more support to NATO for our own security. NATO has sustained constant preservation from Soviet Union Control during the Cold War and post-war. US citizens can show their support for this organization by voting and showing support and concern for NATO. This lets the government know how much it is needed, especially with the war on terrorism. With the help of NATO, the world can remain serene and protected.
Article by Ashley Rabang & Video by Ariel Sonenstein
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