Throughout the United States, the terms “Fascist” and “Nazi” have been used by both Democrats and Republicans to insult one another for each others views, while the term “Communist” is almost never used as a derogatory term in politics. Despite Fascism and National Socialism killing around 11 million people (Snyder) compared to the combined Soviet and Chinese count of “a death toll of between 85 and 100 million people” (Malia), Communism is still widely supported and considered a valid form of government by many. Not only this but many aspects of Communism such as radical forms of socialism are promoted by politicians today such as Democrat Senator Bernie Sanders, who brings forward ideas of a 90% tax rate and uniform healthcare, college education, and a huge increase of welfare spenditure, all Soviet ideas and reforms which have made their way into American politics.
In order for us to understand the differences between Fascism and Communism, we must look first at their foundations and then how they were actually implemented into society. Communism classifies everyone in a social hierarchy of wealth, with Capitalist “Bourgeoisie” and the “Cadre” on the top and differing levels of peasants/workers on the bottom. The basis behind this is that the worker will overthrow this class system, where the higher you go up the pyramid the more greedy and immoral the person is and therefore is justified to kill/revoke their titles. The long-term goal of Communism is to unite the world’s workers under one nation, and to eliminate the basis of social structure and the class system, creating a single class of solely workers. Finally the nation itself would be dissolved and nationalism would exist. Fascism on the other hand, which is Italian by nature, was shaped for Italy’s position after the Great War. Fascism classifies everyone in a social hierarchy of wealth and race, with “Mediterranean Aryans” on the top and differing levels of non-mediterraneans on the bottom. The basis behind this is that the Mediterranean would unite the world under one nation, Italy, and instead of dissolving the nation like Communism a class of Mediterraneans would be the ruling elite over non-mediterranean races. Beyond this, the class system for Mediterraneans only would ultimately be destroyed like Communism and replaced with only the working class. Finally, National Socialism, which is German and Austrian by nature, was shaped for Germany’s position after the Great War. National Socialism classifies everyone in a hierarchy of race, with Aryans on the top and differing levels of non Aryans on the bottom. The basis behind this is that the Aryan would unite the world under one nation, Germany, and instead of dissolving the nation like Communism a class of Aryans would be the ruling elite over non-Aryan races. In this system there actually would remain a class system which would be heavily regulated by a 1984-styled government.
So far the three already are sounding very similar, as all three share Socialism as their main focus for Social Policy and all three have the ambition of a world order, whether it be by proletariat revolution or imperialism, they all have the same goal of class destruction with their people on top. Outside of just what the ideologies are on paper, when implemented they result in a even more similar set of principles. In Germany and Italy, the governments heavily regulated everything and only allowed capitalism if it benefited the government. Furthermore the governments were highly mobilized and had a war economy, where everything was militarized and the creation of a world order was the main focus of both nations. In the Soviet Union and China, its the same story. Both nations were highly authoritarian and closely monitored their people, and the focus on creating a communist world order was the basis for everything the government did. Any crime against humanity the Soviets or Chinese committed was justified as the governments doing it to benefit the proletariat, and to help further their cause of a world order.
Today in the US we see many politicians supporting communist actions, with key figures like Senator Bernie Sanders declaring himself to be a Democratic-Socialist, which takes many ideas from Communism and implements them into American Society. Sanders’ huge portion of the Democrat Party’s vote shows the support for socialist ideas, and although the argument of whether Bernie is a communist or not is disputed it is without doubt that Socialism is a Marxist idea and much of Bernie’s support comes from the communists of America. The Communist Party of America still exists today as well, which threw its support in favor of Bernie, but there is no Fascist Party or National Socialist Party of the United States. This is because the support is extremely small, and if such a group existed it would be assaulted with criticism and hate. Despite the Communist Party of America still existing, the Truman Doctrine clearly says that it shouldn’t, and that doctrine is still in law; just not being followed through with.
So why is Communism so tolerated in the states while Fascism is seen as the devil himself? They’re practically the same, and the double-standard of being fine with Communism isn’t logical or moral. Being supportive of a government system which murdered 10 times that of the Fascists isn’t moral in any sense, and the ban on Communism from the Truman Doctrine should be followed through with, not just idly stood by. It isn’t until we as a nation unite to deter all authoritarian forms of government in which we can eliminate any threat to our democracy and maintain sovereignty.
Article by Ethan Ludwig & Video by Carson Johnson
Malia, Martin (1999). “Foreword”. In Courtois, Stéphane Courtois; Kramer, Mark. The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression. Harvard University Press. pp. ix–xx. ISBN 9780674076082. Retrieved 24 August 2015. …with a grand total of victims variously estimated by contributors to the volume at between 85 million and 100 million.