Politics, United States

Global Warming and the Industrial Revolution

Global Warming has been an ongoing problem and is still a leading issue in our world,  making it one of the most unpredictable threats that we that we face today. The source of this problem all started with the Industrial Revolution. During the Industrial Revolution in the late 1700’s, new machines like trains and factories were introduced. These released gases and other chemicals into the air that were never a problem before, causing irreversible damage to our planet.  

Global warming is widely known as the gradual increase of the Earth’s average temperature, this is the result of the greenhouse effect. Greenhouse gases are made up of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other pollutants that are released into the atmosphere which block the heat from escaping earth, resulting in our planet getting warmer. Deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels are other main sources that contribute to global warming. Depletion of the ozone layer is what causes the harmful UV rays to enter the Earth. These rays can cause skin cancer and other severe diseases, along with harm to wildlife. These issues are what makes global warming such a big dilemma today.

Problems with global warming first started to occur during the Industrial Revolution, with the transition to new manufacturing processes. During that time period, there had been a large advancement in the development in new products such as steam engines, steam boats, trains, and factories. The way these machines got their power and energy was from the burning of fossil fuels. Things like oil, coal and natural gas are all types of fossil fuels that were, and are still highly depended on today. These fuels powered the economy and allowed delivery to the abundant amount of people during that time. Since there was a sufficient number of new buildings, factories and machines being built and used during this era, a high demand for the fuels were occurring causing the use of the fossil fuels to spread and grow. The new industries such as the iron and textile industry were the main and most popular industries and greatly relied on the fuels. Other industries such as oil and auto were also commonly used, as well as ships and airplanes which were also main producers of these gases in addition to all the other factories and machines used throughout the Industrial Revolution.

Fossil fuels made a lasting impact to this world during and even after the Revolution. As a result of the brand new innovation and inventions, it allowed for expansion and growth of the economy along with advancements in developments in factories and machinery. Everything from the Industrial Revolution still has a lasting and cultivating effect on our world today because of the many innovations that is still in use currently. But now, we are left with the aftermath of the destruction these gases have caused over the years.

The average global temperature has nearly doubled in the last 50 years because of the machines and factories that’s releasing the large amount of fossil fuels into the environment. Due to the climate increasing many problems are occurring such as diseases spreading, the minimization of production and distribution of food, the rise of  sea levels and the melting of polar ice caps. This can lead to the extinction of animals, upsurges in droughts and wildfires and erratic weather, such as hurricanes and tropical storms. Shockingly, since the beginning of the Revolution, the acidity of surface ocean waters has increased by about 30 percent. This causes elevated levels of toxic metals being put into your water, such as magnesium copper, lead and zinc. Although the Industrial Revolution introduced new advances to society, it also was the kickstart to one of the most alarming threats that we face as a world today, which is global warming.

Now it is our job to maintain the Earth that we live in by cutting down the production of these harmful gases. We can prevent the further effects and catastrophes it has had on our animal life, their habitats and the quality of our air, by begging for the use Solar Electricity. Some other easy ways the individual can help is by switching to fluorescent lights, driving less, recycling, and using less hot water. The rising temperature of the earth will only increase over time as more gases are being trapped and depleting the Ozone layer. Due to the dangerous, lasting effect global warming can have, some wildlife that we know now, will eventually become extinct due to habitats being ruined because of the climate change. Since these problems have already caused such a huge impact on our environment today, converting to the use of solar electricity, reducing the amount of  fossil fuels being burned and committing to some simple everyday tasks that represses from the destructive, toxic gasses being put into our air, could potentially save our planet from the damage that is being done.

Article by Nina Ecaterinis & Salma Naim 

Works Cited

MacMillan, Amanda. “Global Warming 101.” NRDC, 12 Oct. 2017, www.nrdc.org/stories/global-warming-101.

Przyborski, Paul. “Global Warming : Feature Articles.” NASA, NASA, earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalWarming/page2.php.

INDUSTRIES, LTD. MITSUBISHI HEAVY. “History of Fossil Fuel Usage since the Industrial Revolution.”, www.mhi.com/discover/earth/issue/history/history.html.

History.com Staff. “Industrial Revolution.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution.

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