Politics, United States

Differences between Political Parties

Do you know who to vote for in the next elections, and what your favorite political party is up to? Do you really know about political parties history? We will not agree on every issue. But let us respect those differences and respect one another. Let us recognize that citizens do not serve an ideology or a political party; we serve the people. A political party is a group of voters organized to support certain public policies. It offers candidates for public office. It sets out positions on issues that may range from war and taxes to how children should be educated. When a person turns 18, they choose which political party they want to be a part of. They can choose to be a part of any party like Republican, Democratic, Libertarian or the Green party, which are four of the different parties that the United States of America have.

The Democratic Party

The Democratic Party was formed in 1792, when supporters of Thomas Jefferson began using the name Republicans, or Jeffersonian Republicans, to emphasize its anti-aristocratic policies. It adopted its present name during the Presidency of Andrew Jackson in the 1830s. Is also one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the republican Party. Southern Democrats insisted on protecting slavery in all the territories while many Northern Democrats resisted. The party split over the slavery issue in 1860 at its Presidential convention in Charleston, South Carolina. The Democratic Party identified itself as the “white man’s party” and demonized the Republican Party as being “Negro dominated,” even though whites were in control. Determined to recapture the South, Southern Democrats “redeemed” state after state — sometimes peacefully, other times by fraud and violence. By 1877, when Reconstruction was officially over, the Democratic Party controlled every Southern state. The South remained a one-party region until the Civil Rights movement began in the 1960s. Northern Democrats, most of whom had prejudicial attitudes towards blacks, offered no challenge to the discriminatory policies of the Southern Democrats. The platform states, “Our vision is simple. We want an America that gives all American the chance to live out their dreams and achieve their God-given potential.
We want an America that is still the world’s strongest force for peace and freedom. And we want an America that is coming together around our enduring values, instead of drifting apart.” One of the strongest beliefs of the Democratic party is that of equality on all fonts.

   -Ideologies-

Abortion: They think what women should choose what they want to do with their pregnancy.

Education: They want more college graduates by 2020 with a better education.

Energy: They promote using clean energy like solar, clean coal, wind power, hydropower, etc.

 

The Republican Party

 

In Ripon, Wisconsin, former members of the Whig Party meet to establish a new party to oppose the spread of slavery into the western territories. The Whig Party, which was formed in 1834 to oppose the “tyranny” of President Andrew Jackson, had shown itself incapable of coping with the national crisis over slavery. By February 1854, anti-slavery Whigs had begun meeting in the upper midwestern states to discuss the formation of a new party. One such meeting, in Wisconsin on March 20, 1854, is generally remembered as the founding meeting of the Republican Party. The Republicans rapidly gained supporters in the North, and in 1856 their first presidential candidate, John C. Fremont, won 11 of the 16 Northern states. Lincoln was elected president over a divided Democratic Party, and six weeks later South Carolina formally seceded from the Union. Within six more weeks, five other Southern states had followed South Carolina’s lead, and in April 1861 the Civil War began when Confederate shore batteries under General Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard opened fire on Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Bay. The Civil War firmly identified the Republican Party as the party of the victorious North, and after the war the Republican-dominated Congress forced a “Radical Reconstruction” policy on the South, which saw the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the Constitution and the granting of equal rights to all Southern citizens. It is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, with his first rival,  the Democratic Party. The party is named after republicanism, the dominant value during the American Revolution.

-Ideologies-

Abortion: Abortion is murder and the government should not pay for it.

Education: They want to try new kinds of education like girl classes or boy classes, year-round schools, full day school hours.

Energy: They want to end the EPA that is the part of the government that protects the environment.

 

The Libertarian Party

Libertarian Party, U.S. political party devoted to the principles of libertarianism. It supports the rights of individuals to exercise virtual sole authority over their lives and sets itself against the traditional services and regulatory and coercive powers of federal, state, and local governments.

The Libertarian Party was established in Westminster, Colorado, in 1971 and fielded its first candidate for the presidency in the next year’s elections. In 1980 it achieved its height of success when it was on the ballot in all 50 states, and its presidential candidate, Edward E. Clark, a California lawyer, received 921,199 votes. Although this vote represented only about 1 percent of the national total, it was enough to make the Libertarian Party the third largest political party in the United States.  In 2000 the party contested a majority of seats in the House of Representatives, and though it captured no seats, its candidates combined to win 1.7 million votes. The party maintains a national office in Washington, D.C., and has affiliates in every state. The Cato Institute, a public-policy research organization, was founded in 1977 in part by prominent members of the Libertarian Party. In opposing the purported right of the state “to dispose of the lives of individuals and the fruits of their labour,” the Libertarian Party contends that a completely free market is a necessary economic condition for prosperity and liberty. The Libertarian Party opposes all forms of censorship, insists on the right to keep and bear firearms, and defends the choice of abortion, supports the prosecution of criminal violence and fraud but also advocates the repeal of laws against such “victimless” crimes as gambling, drug use, and prostitution.

-Ideologies-

Abortion: The official Libertarian party platform states, “Recognizing that abortion is a sensitive issue and that people can hold good-faith views on all sides, we believe that government should be kept out of the matter, leaving the question to each person for their conscientious consideration.”

Education: The party supports ending the U.S. public school system.Seeing the education of children as a parental responsibility, the party would give authority to parents to determine the education of their children at their expense without interference from government.

Energy: The Libertarian party supports a clean and healthy environment and sensible use of natural resources, believing that private landowners and conservation groups have a vested interest in maintaining such natural resources. The party has also expressed that “governments, unlike private businesses, are unaccountable for such damage done to the environment and have a terrible track record when it comes to environmental protection.”

The Green Party

The Green Party of the United States exists today as a political party fielding candidates for office in most states and at the national level. It was formed when the state-level Green Parties came together in the mid-1990s. Thirty-three years ago, however, there were no state-level Green Parties, except one formed in Maine in January 1984, and extended over several years of start-up work, although various groups and organizations were discussing Green politics in other states. The first stirrings of a Green Party in the United States dedicated to running candidates took place when seventeen people met in Augusta, Maine, on January 8, 1984, to form a Maine Green Party – the first Green state-level political party in the United States.

Creation of the Ten Key Values

During the weeks following the Founding Conference, a draft of the Ten Key Values statement was composed by the Scribe Committee (Spretnak, LeCain, Satin). They drew from the brainstorming session in St. Paul, from the values statements of other Green parties, and from their own Green ideas. The original Ten Key Values were Ecological Wisdom, Personal and Social Responsibility, Grassroots Democracy, Nonviolence, Decentralization, Community-based Economics, Post-Patriarchal Values, Respect for Diversity, Global Responsibility, and Future Focus – and included the thoughtful questions under each value. The party, is the country’s fourth-largest by membership promotes environmentalism, nonviolence, social justice, participatory grassroot democracy, gender equality, LGBT rights, anti-war and anti-racism.

Founding of the Green Party of the United States – July 2001

At the meeting of the Associated State Green Parties in Santa Barbara in July 28-29, 2001, the organization voted to change its name to the Green Party of the United States (GPUS) and to apply for recognition from the Federal Election Commission as having National Committee status.

-Ideologies-

Abortion:Their thoughts about abortion are that it should be legal.

Education:They think that we should work on getting better teachers talking about education.\

Energy:They want to promote using gases for energy and they want to stop nuclear power.

 

Political parties are held in almost all countries around the world, in this case, in the United States these are 4 of the  “best known” parties that have a certain part of the American population following their ideologies. Now that you know more about them, since you turn 18 years old you can choose which political party to vote for.

Article by Kevin Hernandez

Work Cited

Flanders, Stephen. “The Origins and Functions of Political Parties” Scholastic Library Publishing, 2007. https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/articles/teaching-content/origins-and-functions-political-parties/

Green Party USA “Ten Key Values”. https://www.greenparty.org/values.php.

History. “Republican Party founded”. March 20, 2017.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/republican-party-founded

Rachel, Roberson. “How Democrats and Republicans Compare on 12 Major Issues”, The Lowdown, August 15, 2016. https://ww2.kqed.org/lowdown/2016/08/15/where-republicans-and-democrats-stand-on-12-major-issues/

Rensenbrink, John. “Early History of the United States Green Party, 1984-2001” Green Party US. http://www.gp.org/early_history

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Libertarian Party”, 2016. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Libertarian-Party.

Wikipedia. Wikipedia, “Republican Party (United States)” October 1, 2017 (Last Edition). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republican_Party_(United_States)

 

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